Actuaries use mathematical, statistical, and economic analysis to measure risks and their financial consequences. Most actuaries enter the field with a bachelor’s degree that focus on strong accounting, mathematical, statistical, and business skills, such as a degree in business administration. The employment of actuaries is projected to increase 27% through 2020, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Anthropologists and archaeologists study human development, origins, behaviors, and societies by locating and examining human remains and artifacts. Entry-level positions will require at least a master’s degree and many professionals in this field have doctorate degrees. However, a relevant undergraduate education is important to gaining entry into graduate degree programs. Bachelor’s degrees in history or biology may work well for this career path, but a bachelor’s degree in anthropology is ideal.
3. Athletic Trainer
Athletic training is a profession that focuses on injuries and illnesses affecting a patient’s bones and muscles. To become an athletic trainer you will need at least an accredited bachelor’s degree, though accredited master’s degrees are also a common requirement. Also, athletic trainers must be licensed or certified in most states, which typically requires an accredited degree and the successful completion of a licensing or certification exam.
Audiologists work with patients to diagnose and treat hearing and balance problems. An audiologist needs a doctoral degree in audiology and state licensure to practice. However, before a student can enroll in a doctoral program, they must first earn a bachelor’s degree. There are no specific required bachelor’s degrees, though most audiology programs require the completion of certain prerequisite courses covering subjects such as mathematics, statistics, and communication, language, social, biological, and physical sciences.
5. Biochemists and Biophysicists
Biochemists and biophysicists are scientists and researchers who study the chemical and physical functions of living things, usually with the goal of achieving medical advancements. Some professionals hold entry-level positions, such as research or lab assistant positions, with a bachelor’s or master’s degree. Before taking on any role in the research field, students must earn a bachelor’s degree in a relevant scientific discipline, like biology, biochemistry, biological sciences, or dual degrees in biology and chemistry or physics.
Biomedical engineers seek to improve medical practices by applying engineering strategies and principles to the development of diagnostics, patient care technologies, artificial organs, and other areas of health. Prospective biomedical engineers must earn a bachelor’s degree in biomedical engineering to qualify for a position. Students also have the option of earning a bachelor’s degree in another engineering field and then completing a graduate degree in the biomedical engineering field.
Cartographers and photogrammetrists collect and analyze geographic data to develop maps of the earth’s surface, either for general, public use or for educational, cultural, political, geological, or business purposes. Many colleges and universities offer bachelor’s degree programs in geography, which is an ideal discipline for this field. Some institutions offer degrees in cartography as well. Cartographers and photogrammetrists in some states must become licensed.
8. Child, Family, and School Social Worker
A child, family, and school social worker provides counseling and mental health services. Social workers are licensed mental health professionals. Most child, family, and school social workers must complete a master’s degree to earn their Master of Social Work (MSW) credential. Bachelor’s degrees in psychology, social work, or sociology are recommended for students hoping to become social workers.
Computer and information scientists research and invent new ways to use existing technology. They design and test new technology, specifically computers. These professionals need a doctorate degree to enter the field, and to get into doctorate-level programs, students need relevant undergraduate degrees in the field. Bachelor’s degrees in computer science, information technology, and computer engineering are strong foundational degrees for this field.
Computer application and software engineers use advanced computer programming and coding skills to create computer operating systems, control panels, games, and software applications serving nearly any function. Undergraduate degrees in computer science and programming are strong degrees for entry into this field. Software engineers find it is important to stay informed about industry changes, so some go on to earn master’s degrees.
Cost estimators determine how much time, money, labor, and resources projects and services will cost a company. Though some prospective cost estimators can enter the field after years of experience, the best job prospects are awarded to individuals who have their bachelor’s degree in construction management, building science, engineering, or mathematics. Many prospective cost estimators must also receive on-the-job training before they can become cost estimators.
Curators oversee museums and galleries, and work in displaying, and storing items, plants, or artifacts, as well as authenticating and categorizing pieces of their collection, raising funds, and directing research and educational projects. You will need to have a master’s degree in most cases, though some employers prefer a doctoral degree. However, there are positions and smaller institutions that will hire a curator with a bachelor’s degree. Prospective curators typically earn bachelor’s degrees in various concentrations of art and history, such as fine arts, natural history, and art history.
13. Database Administrator
Database administrators are responsible for the storing, organization, and retrieval of data. They must ensure that databases function without any errors, and must also update and modify the database as needed. To become a database administrator, students must earn a bachelor’s degree in a field related to computer science or information technology. Experience in the field is usually required as well.
A dentist examines patients’ teeth and gums and diagnoses and treats any problems they may find, such as cavities, plaque, gingivitis, or broken teeth. You must have a professional degree and obtain state licensure. Most dental schools require applicants to have an accredited bachelor’s degree prior to enrolling. No specific bachelor’s degree is required, but applicants must have completed at least 32 hours of science courses. So, Bachelor of Science degrees, such as biology and chemistry, are popular choices for pre-dental students.
These professionals work to find solutions to environmental problems. This can include developing systems to produce safe drinking water and improving recycling and waste disposal. To become an environmental engineer, you must earn an ABET-accredited bachelor’s degree.
Environmental scientists are responsible for collecting data, analyzing land and water samples, and designing strategies for overcoming pollution. These scientists must earn a bachelor’s degree and take classes in geology, biology, and other science fields. Environmental scientists are typically expected to have some field experience, so students are encouraged to find internships where they can practice using technology and performing data analysis.
Financial examiners evaluate and report on the financial and accounting practices of large corporations and businesses to ensure they abide by laws and regulations. Many financial examiners begin their careers with a bachelor’s degree in accounting, economics, finance, and business administration and advance with the help of on-the-job training and experience.
There are two main types of forensic science technicians: crime scene investigators, who go to the crime scene, and laboratory technicians, who conduct scientific analysis on the evidence. The educational requirements for forensic science technicians vary by employer, according to the BLS. However, most crime scene investigators and most laboratory technicians are required to have a bachelor’s degree and to have taken courses in forensic pathology, bloodstain evidence, crime scene investigation, and abnormal psychology.
The geographer’s main responsibility is to study the Earth, including people, their habitats, land masses, bodies of water, and other features. They use satellite images, maps, statistics, and graphs to gather, organize, and interpret data. Some geographer positions only require a bachelor’s degree and some specialized training. As undergraduate students, prospective geographers should take classes in geography, mathematics, and geographic information systems.
Geoscientists study the composition and structure of the Earth to learn about its present condition, how it has changed, and make predictions about how it’s going to change in the future. Educational requirements vary by state, employer, and position. However, a bachelor’s degree is typically the minimum educational requirement for entry-level positions. Prospective geoscientists will usually pursue bachelor’s degrees in geology, though bachelor’s degrees in engineering, physics, and chemistry are generally acceptable.
Health educators conduct classes or seminars and distribute information and resources about health with the goal of helping others live a healthier lifestyle. While some health educators are master’s degree holders, many launch their careers with a bachelor’s degree. If this degree is not available, some future health educators major in nutrition, kinesiology, physiology, exercise science, or health science. Many positions require credentialed professionals who are Certified Health Education Specialists (CHES).
Healthcare social workers help patients understand their condition and make necessary changes, preparations, and arrangements, such as adjusting their lifestyle or finding a home healthcare service. To become a healthcare social worker, you must have a bachelor’s degree in social work, though some employers and certain positions require a master’s degree.
Hydrologists evaluate and solve water issues, like water scarcity, availability, quality, pollution, and flooding. Most hydrologists enter the field with a master’s degree. Admission to master’s degree programs require a bachelor’s degree in a related field, like geology, chemistry, environmental science, environmental engineering, or physics. Courses in statistics, public policy, communications, and mathematics are also helpful.
An industrial-organizational psychologist will study employees, workplaces, and entire organizations, and use the information they gather to find ways to improve the organization, such as increase productivity and performance levels. To become an industrial-organizational psychologist, according to the BLS, one must have at least a master’s degree, though to be licensed, a doctoral degree is typically required. To enroll in a graduate degree program, you must have an accredited bachelor’s degree, usually in psychology.
Instructional coordinators work to improve the teaching standards and quality of education provided by a single educational institution or an entire school district or system. To become an instructional coordinator, you will need at least a master’s degree, according to the BLS. Many prospective instructional coordinators will earn a bachelor’s degree in one of the various areas of education, such as early childhood education, secondary education, education administration, or specific areas including mathematics, science, and history, before earning the requried master’s degree.
Interpreters and translators help people communicate across language barriers. Translators provide written translations while interpreters provide spoken or sign language translation. The primary requirement for becoming an interpreter or translator is fluency in English and one other language. Most interpreters and translators hold at least a bachelor’s degree as well as certifications in their field. Students hoping to become interpreters or translators might major in the foreign language of their choice or international studies with an emphasis on languages.
27. Management Analyst
Management analysts are consultants that advise businesses on how to improve management styles and strategies to increase efficiency. Management analysts are often hired to resolve a specific organizational issue with the ultimate goal of optimizing profit. Most management analysts have bachelor’s degrees, but some are master’s degree holders. Professionals should be able to get started in the field with a bachelor’s degree in business administration or business management.
Market research analysts study market conditions to predict consumer response to a product, price, or advertising campaign. They may conduct in-person interviews or focus groups as well as statistical analysis of market trends and conditions on a local, national, or even global level. Entry-level market research analyst positions require a bachelor’s degree, and most earn one in business administration, marketing, or statistics. A bachelor’s degree in business administration with an emphasis in marketing or statistics is also ideal for the field.
Marriage and family therapists work with couples and family members on an individual basis and in group sessions to resolve problems and encourage growth and development in the relationships of their clients. Earning a bachelor’s degree in psychology can help prepare you and make you eligible for graduate school, as you will need to have a master’s degree to work in this field.
Medical scientists are responsible for performing research within areas of health, disease, and treatment methods to develop new ways of prolonging life. The first step toward becoming a medical scientist is earning a bachelor’s degree in biology or a closely related science field. After earning a bachelor’s degree, students should pursue a medical degree or a doctoral degree in a biological science field. This, coupled with laboratory and research experience, will prepare medical scientists for their future careers.
Meeting, convention, and event planners coordinate and organize the logistics for events, including meetings, trade shows, parties, conventions, weddings, and more. While some event planners do not have degrees, most are bachelor’s degree holders. Some have bachelor’s degrees in event and hotel management, especially if they plan to work in the events department at a large hotel. Others have bachelor’s degrees in communications, which is helpful when coordinating events in fundraising or public relations environments.
32. Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Worker
Social workers coach people through the problems that they encounter throughout their lives. In particular, mental health and substance abuse social workers help patients that have mental illnesses or addictions to substances like alcohol or drugs. Most social worker positions require a bachelor’s degree in social work, though some employers prefer their employees to have a master’s degree. Bachelor’s degree programs prepare students to work with the community by teaching them about human behavior and development, social policies, and psychology. In addition to pursuing an education, prospective social workers must also obtain licensure, which varies according to state laws.
A mental health counselor provides therapy and counseling services for families, children, students, and individuals. They usually focus on preventative care and issues like substance abuse, trauma, and marriage and family relationships. Mental health counselors are master’s degree holders, usually in the areas of counseling, psychology, or even social work. For most positions, counselors must be certified Licensed Professional Counselors (LPC). Bachelor’s degree students pursuing a career in mental health counseling should major in psychology for a solid foundation in the field and to meet prerequisite requirements for master’s degree programs.
Museum conservators are responsible for the restoration of historical documents, art, and objects. They are in charge of developing exhibits for the public, performing research, and storing historical items in a safe manner. As this is a field that requires specialized training, employers expect potential museum conservators to have at least a bachelor’s degree with some field experience. Museum conservation is a competitive field, so students are encouraged to obtain a graduate degree after their bachelor’s program and participate in an internship with a museum to enhance their employment prospects.
35. Network Systems and Data Communications Analyst
Network systems and data communications analysts are responsible for ensuring that a company’s computer and networks function properly. They monitor, install, and maintain computer networks; troubleshoot potential problems; and develop ways to make computer systems work in a more efficient manner. Qualified prospective networking systems and data communications analysts will have a bachelor’s degree in computer science, information technology, or a related field.
Occupational therapists help individuals rehabilitate or develop daily life and work skills in the event of an illness, injury, or disability. Most occupational therapy positions require at least a master’s degree in occupational therapy and professionals must be certified as Occupational Therapist Registered (OTR). Before moving on to a master’s degree program, students pursuing a career in this field should complete a bachelor’s degree with a major, or relevant course work, in kinesiology, physiology, biology, and psychology.
Personal financial advisors provide financial advice for their clients, which includes assessing their financial goals and determining ways to help them reach their goal and prepare for certain events, such as retirement, purchasing a home, or sending a child to college. You will most likely need at least a bachelor’s degree, though a master’s degree may increase your chances of being hired and advancing in your career. Bachelor’s degrees that can help prepare you for a career as a personal financial advisor include finance, economics, business, and accounting, and some of the specific courses you may want to consider taking include risk management, financial planning, investments, and taxes.
Physical therapists are in charge of developing treatment plans for patients who have injuries or illnesses that affect their quality of life. Before an individual can become a physical therapist, they must first earn a bachelor’s degree and take physiology, science, and anatomy classes during their undergraduate education. Then, they must attend either a master’s or doctoral degree program in physical therapy. It is also common for physical therapists to complete a residency program in the field. In addition, all physical therapists must be certified according to state law.
39. Physician Assistant
Physician assistants are trained to help out with the many responsibilities of tending to patients. They are responsible for taking medical histories, giving patients their initial examinations, and providing different treatments. The most successful applicants to physician education programs already have a bachelor’s degree and some experience in science, health, nursing, or related fields. After earning a bachelor’s degree and taking classes in science and math, prospective physician assistants go on to pursue a master’s degree, where they will get experience in laboratory work, diagnostics, ethics, anatomy, and other areas of medicine.
Most postsecondary teachers instruct post-high school students and specialize in a specific discipline, like mathematics, chemistry, literature, or psychology. The degree level required to become a postsecondary teacher depends upon the academic environment. Many vocational schools and community colleges require a master’s degree, while colleges and universities usually require a Ph.D. To become a postsecondary teacher, students must first earn a bachelor’s degree in the field they wish to teach. For example, a political science teacher should earn a bachelor’s degree in political science or history to gain admission to relevant graduate degree programs in that discipline.
Preschool and childcare directors plan, coordinate, and oversee all of the academic and nonacademic activities at their facility or that are a part of their program. Each state has its own set of educational, licensing, and certification requirements, some of which include having a bachelor’s degree in early childhood education. Also, your state may require you to be certified through either the Council for Professional Recognition or the National Child Care Association.
Rehabilitation counselors guide people in overcoming difficulties and disabilities, and encourage them to learn to live without relying on services or substances. The first step toward becoming a rehabilitation counselor is getting a bachelor’s degree in an area related to rehabilitation or disability services. Undergraduate course work should include classes in physiology, anatomy, biology, psychology, and counseling. Though some potential rehabilitation counselors may find employment with only a bachelor’s degree, the best job prospects are awarded to individuals that have master’s degrees.
43. Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agent
Securities, commodities, and financial service sales agents are in charge of conducting transactions between buyers and sellers. They aid the sale and purchase of bonds, stocks, commodities, and other goods. They also analyze markets to determine how they should advise buyers, sellers, and companies who wish to engage in transactions. Entry-level securities, commodities, and financial service sales agents qualify for positions if they have a bachelor’s degree in a field related to business or finance.
Social and community service managers are responsible for developing and overseeing the programs and services that are offered to the community. They are employed by social service organizations, and are in charge of making sure that community projects serve the needs of the community while staying within budget. Social and community service managers are expected to have, at a minimum, a bachelor’s degree in a field related to social work, business, or public administration. Experience is also important, and potential employees must first work in a public service field before they can establish careers as managers.
Special education teachers work with students who have mild, moderate, and severe disabilities, including emotional, mental, and physical disabilities. A minimum requirement for state licensure is a bachelor’s degree in addition to a certain number of supervised teaching experience. Organizations such as the National Counil for Accreditation of Teacher Education and the Teacher Education Accreditation Council accredit bachelor’s degree in special education to make sure they prepare you to meet the needs of students with disabilities and ensure they gain a full understanding of the lessons being taught to them.
Substance abuse and behavioral counselors work one-on-one and in groups with clients suffering from issues such as drug addiction, alcoholism, eating disorders, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and more. Those with a bachelor’s degree may have fewer responsibilities and more limitations, such as needing to be supervised and not being able to work with clients one-on-one. To work in a private practice, substance abuse and behavioral counselors will need to obtain state licensure, which typically requires a master’s degree and a certain number of supervised clinical hours.
47. Survey Researcher
Survey researchers are professionals that design and develop these surveys to collect the data their client needs. This can involve face-to-face interviews, sending out questionnaires, and working with focus groups. Once the survey is complete, they will analyze the information, develop charts, graphs, and statistics based on the information, and then discuss the results with their clients. The most popular bachelor’s degrees for survey researchers include political science, marketing, economics, psychology, and business.
Surveyors collect information and geographic data to determine where land areas and their boundaries are located. Surveyors are similar to cartographers, who collect geographic data to create maps for large regions. Some surveyors enter the field with some postsecondary education and on-the-job training. However, bachelor’s degrees are gaining popularity in the field. Students hoping to enter the surveying profession will benefit most from a bachelor’s degree in geography.
49. Technical Writer
Technical writers gather information and produce technical documents such as how-to manuals and assembly instructions. This typically involves researching and meeting with experts, such as scientists or engineers, to learn about the topic being covered and then using the information to create a document that is thorough, detailed, and easily understood. Most prospective technical writers will earn a bachelor’s degree in communications, journalism, or English and incorporate beginner, intermediate, and advanced technical writing courses.
Veterinarians care for and work to maintain the health of animals through diagnosis, treatment, and preventative measures. This can include examining animals, performing surgery, treating wounds, prescribing medication, and conducting research to find new and improved ways to promote health in animals. Veterinarians must hold a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine. The most common bachelor’s degrees earned by pre-veterinary students include animal science, biology, zoology, microbiology, and animal ecology.