We learn and process information through using our senses like touching, hearing, and seeing. The sense you utilize most during the learning process can determine if your learning style is visual, auditory, or kinesthetic. Some people use a combination of these styles while others may find that they prefer one over another.
Learning the auditory way. This type of person learns best by listening and stores information that they hear said out loud. As students they will notice audible signals and take notice of not just what their professors say but how they say it. If you are an auditory learner you will best learn by talking about ideas, discussing concepts, and listening to what other people are saying. You will also recall information best by remembering how it sounded when you first heard it. In class you will notice that you listen to the tone, pitch, and speed of your professor’s voice to interpret underlying meanings. Auditory learners should study by recording and playing back lectures, reading aloud to themselves, and talking through information with classmates.
Learning the visual way. This type of person learns through seeing, and organizes information using pictures, images, and colors. As students they will be drawn to visual displays, such as diagrams, presentations, and videos. If you are a visual learner you will best process information by writing detailed notes and highlighting important concepts as you read through your textbook. In class you will notice that you best understand the professor’s lecture when you take note of his facial expressions and body language. Being able to associate information with an image of the professor teaching it will help you to recall it later. Visual learners should study by actively associating important information with images, replacing words with pictures, or by creating diagrams to visualize the connections between concepts and ideas.
Learning the kinesthetic way. This type of person learns best through experience and recalls information best when associating it with an action. As students they don’t like to sit in class for long periods of time and get bored if they are not actively working on something. They are also very expressive and communicate through body language and facial expressions. If you are a kinesthetic learner you will most effectively learn through hands-on activities, moving through spaces, and physically touching objects. Kinesthetic learners study best by acting out the steps of a process, or by using physical objects, such as flashcards, to recall information.